Who is at risk for TBI?

Anyone can experience a traumatic brain injury after a fall, car accident or sports incident. However, some people have a higher risk of traumatic brain injury. 

Review the risk factors for TBI so you can protect yourself and your family members. 

Motor vehicle factors

Wearing a seatbelt every time you ride in a motor vehicle can significantly lower the risk for TBI. Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol also increases the risk of debilitating auto accident injury. If you have a teen driver, set a good example by putting your device away when you are behind the wheel. Young adults with new licenses have an increased risk of serious and fatal auto accidents. 

Helmet use

A helmet is essential when you engage in activities that carry TBI risk. Your family members must wear a well-fitting helmet in good condition whenever you ski, snowboard, ride a horse, play baseball, ride a skateboard or roller skates, play contact sports, or ride an all-terrain vehicle, scooter, snowmobile, motorcycle or bike. 

Fall risk

Older adults have a higher risk for falls which also increases the risk for TBI in this age group. If you are older than 60 or have an older family member, be aware of medical conditions and prescription drugs that can cause dizziness and falls. 

In addition to these behavioral risks, TBI is more common in males of all ages, young adults between ages 15 and 24, and children younger than 4. If you or a family member experiences a head impact, seek medical attention right away.